Christian Martyrs Under Islam: Religious Violence and the Making of the Muslim World
Author: Christian C. Sahner File Type: pdf How did the medieval Middle East transform from a majority-Christian world to a majority-Muslim world, and what role did violence play in this process? Christian Martyrs under Islam explains how Christians across the early Islamic caliphate slowly converted to the faith of the Arab conquerors and how small groups of individuals rejected this faith through dramatic acts of resistance, including apostasy and blasphemy.Using previously untapped sources in a range of Middle Eastern languages, Christian Sahner introduces an unknown group of martyrs who were executed at the hands of Muslim officials between the seventh and ninth centuries CE. Found in places as diverse as Syria, Spain, Egypt, and Armenia, they include an alleged descendant of Muhammad who converted to Christianity, high-ranking Christian secretaries of the Muslim state who viciously insulted the Prophet, and the children of mixed marriages between Muslims and Christians. Sahner argues that Christians never experienced systematic persecution under the early caliphs, and indeed, they remained the largest portion of the population in the greater Middle East for centuries after the Arab conquest. Still, episodes of ferocious violence contributed to the spread of Islam within Christian societies, and memories of this bloodshed played a key role in shaping Christian identity in the new Islamic empire. Christian Martyrs under Islam examines how violence against Christians ended the age of porous religious boundaries and laid the foundations for more antagonistic Muslim-Christian relations in the centuries to come.**ReviewThe Spectators Books of the Year In this book, Sahner mounts a pathbreaking investigation of Christian self-sacrifice under early Islam. He affords us a fresh perspective on the formation of caliphal society and state, and on how the blood of martyrs has seeded the Churchbefore Constantine, under Islam, and into our own day.Garth Fowden, University of Cambridge Narratives of violence dominate the public understanding of Islam. Sahner draws upon medieval Christian narratives of conversion, apostasy, and martyrdom to great effect. The result is a subtle but bold account of violence and belief in an earlier age of religious tumult.Chase F. Robinson, author of *Islamic Civilization in Thirty Lives* This is the first book-length study of Christian martyrdom in the early Islamic period. It deals with religious conversion and cultural change in the period of late antiquity and early Islam, and looks at not just individuals of the period, but also the world in which they lived. Offering a new conceptual framework and novel usage of primary sources, this original and important work asks all the right questions.Nadia Maria El Cheikh, American University of Beirut With broad coverage and beautiful writing, this accomplished book presents the first synthetic historical analysis of Christian martyrdom during the formative period of Islam, namely the first three centuries after the Arab conquest. Sahner has done a great service to all those working on the cult of saints in the early medieval eastern Mediterranean and interested in understanding Christian-Arabic literature.Arietta Papaconstantinou, University of ReadingAbout the Author Christian C. Sahner is associate professor of Islamic history at the University of Oxford and a fellow of St Cross College. He is the author of Among the Ruins Syria Past and Present.
Author: Claire Colebrook
File Type: pdf
Continuums Guides for the Perplexed are clear, concise and accessible introductions to thinkers, writers and subjects that students and readers can find especially challenging. Concentrating specifically on what it is that makes the subject difficult to fathom, these books explain and explore key themes and ideas, guiding the reader towards a thorough understanding of demanding material. Gilles Deleuze is undoubtedly one of the seminal figures in modern Continental thought. However, his philosophy makes considerable demands on the student his major works make for challenging reading and require engagement with some difficult concepts and complex systems of thought. Deleuze A Guide for the Perplexed is the ideal text for anyone who needs to get to grips with Deleuzian thought, offering a thorough, yet approachable account of the central themes in his work sense univocity intuition singularity difference. His ideas related to language, politics, ethics and consciousness are explored in detail and - most importantly - clarified. The book also locates Deleuze in the context of his philosophical influences and antecedents and highlights the implications of his ideas for a range of disciplines from politics to film theory. Throughout, close attention is paid to Deleuzes most influential publications, including the landmark texts The Logic of Sense and Difference and Repetition.
Author: Colette Soler
File Type: pdf
Unquenched desire, the dividing up of the drives, repetition, and symptom are the keywords for the effects that the unconscious, as deciphered by Freud, has on the body. Harmony is not on the agenda, but rather the discordance, unlinking, and arrogance of cynical jouissances. It seems that the discourse of capitalism is today increasing their deleterious consequences with all of these demonstrative suicides, but also suicides as diverse as those of terrorists, Tibetan monks, those beleaguered by the capitalist enterprise, and all the hopeless of our time. Hence the question that Lacan posed concerning the possible humanisation of this denatured animal, about whom Freud did not hesitate to say that he is a wolf to man, even though he has always made community. What will the psychoanalyst say about possible solutions, he whose act excludes the call to norms of any kind? Humanisation? is the 20132014 volume of the annual seminar held by the author at the Clinical College of the Lacanian Field in Paris. **About the Author Colette Soler practices and teaches psychoanalysis in Paris. She holds an agregation in philosophy and a doctorate in psychology. It was her encounter with the teaching and person of Jacques Lacan that led her to choose psychoanalysis. She was a member of the Ecole Freudienne de Paris and, following its dissolution, became the Director of the Ecole de la Cause Freudienne, after which she was at the forefront of the movement of the International of the Forums and its School of Psychoanalysis.
Author: Peter Gatrell
File Type: pdf
Peter Gatrell offers a fresh perspective on social and political upheaval in revolutionary Russia through a close examination of population displacement during World War I. Involuntary migrations - in part the consequence of defeat on the battlefield, in part the result of deliberate action by tsarist generals - led government officials and educated society to question prevailing modes of thinking about social identity and the nature of social order in an unraveling polity.--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Author: McKenzie Wark
File Type: epub
bIts not capitalism, its not neoliberalism—what if its something worse?bIn this radical and visionary new book, McKenzie Wark argues that information has empowered a new kind of ruling class. Through the ownership and control of information, this emergent class dominates not only labour but capital as traditionally understood as well. And its not just tech companies like Amazon and Google. Even Walmart and Nike can now dominate the entire production chain through the ownership of not much more than brands, patents, copyrights, and logistical systems. While techno-utopian apologists still celebrate these innovations as an improvement on capitalism, for workers—and the planet—its worse. The new ruling class uses the powers of information to route around any obstacle labor and social movements put up. So how do we find a way out? Capital Is Dead offers not only the theoretical tools to analyze this new world, but ways to change it. Drawing...
Author: Jeannette Baxter
File Type: pdf
This book investigates the crucial question of restitution in the work of W. G. Sebald. Written by a range of leading scholars from fields as various as translation studies, English, German, and comparative literature, photography, critical theory, psychoanalysis, poetry, and art theory, theessays collected in the volume place Sebalds oeuvre within the broader context of European culture in order better to understand his engagement with the ethics of aesthetics. Whilst opening up his work to a range of under-explored areas - including dissident surrealism, Anglo-Irish relations, contemporary performance practices, and the writings of H. G. Adler - the volume also brings renewed impetus to the standard view of Sebald as a Holocaust writer following thelead established by his English translator Anthea Bell in her foreword, the essays all share a close attention to linguistic detail, returning to the original German texts in an attempt to do justice to Sebalds complex literary style. The recurring themes identified over the course of the collection - from Sebalds carefully calibrated syntax to his self-consciousness about genre, from his interest in liminal spaces to his literal and metaphorical preoccupation with blindness and vision - all suggest that the attempt atrestitution is both a thematic preoccupation and a narrative technique, and that as such it arguably constitutes the very essence of Sebalds understanding of literature. The volume will thus appeal not only to students and scholars of Sebald, but to anyone with a serious interest in the problemsand possibilities of postwar European writing.
Author: Berber Bevernage
File Type: pdf
Modern historiography embraces the notion that time is irreversible, implying that the past should be imagined as something ae~absentae(tm) or ae~distant.ae(tm) Victims of historical injustice, however, in contrast, often claim that the past got ae~stuckae(tm) in the present and that it retains a haunting presence. History, Memory, and State-Sponsored Violence is centered around the provocative thesis that the way one deals with historical injustice and the ethics of history is strongly dependent on the way one conceives of historical time that the concept of time traditionally used by historians is structurally more compatible with the perpetratorsae(tm) than the victimsae(tm) point of view. Demonstrating that the claim of victims about the continuing presence of the past should be taken seriously, instead of being treated as merely metaphorical, Berber Bevernage argues that a genuine understanding of the ae~irrevocableae(tm) past demands a radical break with modern historical discourse and the concept of time. By embedding a profound philosophical reflection on the themes of historical time and historical discourse in a concrete series of case studies, this project transcends the traditional divide between ae~empiricalae(tm) historiography on the one hand and the so called ae~theoreticalae(tm) approaches to history on the other. It also breaks with the conventional ae~analyticalae(tm) philosophy of history that has been dominant during the last decades, raising a series of long-neglected ae~big questionsae(tm) about the historical condition ae questions about historical time, the unity of history, and the ontological status of present and past aeprogrammatically pleading for a new historical ethics.
Author: Harry Garuba, Peter E. Gordon, Martin Ryle, Alexander Gelley, S. D. Chrostowska, Richard Randall, Dennis Tenen, Hsiao-pei Yen, Stephen Carter, Brian Reed, Richard Purcell
File Type: pdf
b2 InterviewHarry GarubaDreaming on Behalf of the Community A Conversation with Nuruddin Farahboundary 2 (2017) 44(2) 1-13 doi10.121501903659-3826600ArticlesHarry GarubaTeacherly Texts Imagining Futures in Nuruddin Farahs Past Imperfect Trilogyboundary 2 (2017) 44(2) 15-30 doi10.121501903659-3826609Peter E. GordonThe Authoritarian Personality Revisited Reading Adorno in the Age of Trumpboundary 2 (2017) 44(2) 31-56 doi10.121501903659-3826618Martin RyleIshiguros Diptych Art and Social Democracy in The Unconsoled and Never Let Me Goboundary 2 (2017) 44(2) 57-73 doi10.121501903659-3826627Alexander GelleyThe Speech of Dasein Heidegger and Quotidian Discourseboundary 2 (2017) 44(2) 75-93 doi10.121501903659-3826636S. D. ChrostowskaThe Spring and the Reel On Film and Revolutionboundary 2 (2017) 44(2) 95-125 doi10.121501903659-3826645Richard RandallMusical Affordance and the MP3boundary 2 (2017) 44(2) 127-143 doi10.121501903659-3826654Dennis TenenUnintelligent Designboundary 2 (2017) 44(2) 145-156 doi10.121501903659-3826663Hsiao-pei YenFrontier Anthropology and Chinese Colonialism in the Southwestern Frontier during the Second Sino-Japanese Warboundary 2 (2017) 44(2) 157-186 doi10.121501903659-3826672Stephen CarterOur Most Signal Failure Henry Adams, Ulysses S. Grant, and the Transformation of Political Temporalityboundary 2 (2017) 44(2) 187-212 doi10.121501903659-3826681Review EssaysBrian ReedPostdigital Global Literary History On the Fourth Edition of The Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poeticsboundary 2 (2017) 44(2) 213-239 doi10.121501903659-3826690Richard PurcellDid the Digital Age Kill the Literary Star?boundary 2 (2017) 44(2) 241-256 doi10.121501903659-3826699Book Reviewed Adam Bradley, Ralph Ellison in Progress From Invisible Man to Three Days before the Shooting (New Haven, CT Yale University Press, 2010).