Author: J. Samuel Barkin
File Type: pdf
Many scholars, intentionally or unintentionally, have entangled constructivisms and critical theories in problematic ways, either by assigning a critical-theoretical politics to constructivisms or by assuming the appropriateness of constructivist epistemology and methods for critical theorizing. IRs Last Synthesis? makes the argument that these connections mirror IRs grand theoretical syntheses of the 1980s and 1990s and have similar constraining effects on the possibilities of IR theory. They have been made without adequate reflection, in contradiction to the base assumptions of each theoretical perspective, and to the detriment of both knowledge accumulation about global politics and theoretical rigor in disciplinary IR. It is not that constructivisms and critical theories have no common ground rather, the fact that it has become routine for IR scholars to overstate their common ground is counterproductive to the discovery and utilization of their potential dialogues. To that end, IRs Last Synthesis? argues that scholars using the two in conjunction should be cognizant of, rather than gloss over, the tensions between the approaches and the tools they have to offer. Along these lines, the book uses the concept of affordances to look at what each has to offer the other, and to argue for a modest, reflective, specified return to (constructivist and critical) IR theorizing. By rejecting its over-simple syntheses, this book hews a road toward reviving IR theorizing. **Review This book is a path-breaking work in International Relations, with implications that go beyond its immediate subject matter in critical theory and constructivism. This study convincingly demonstrates that constructivism does not entail any particular ideological position. A first-rate work of scholarship across the board, the volume will stand the test of time as a cautionary tale against tempting but ill-advised acts of synthesis, with critical theory and constructivism currently serving as the case in point.-Patrick James, Dornsife Deans Professor, School of International Relations, University of Southern California This is not a book that anyone should have had to write. Constructivism as a family of explanatory theories focusing on creativity and contingency, and critical theory as a political sensibility that embraces emancipatory possibilities, are basically orthogonal notions, and as such could operate in a complementary manner - or could have nothing to do with one another. That they get lumped together is an artifact of the peculiar history of theoretical debates in IR. The authors make the case for dissolving that forced unity in meticulous detail. Will this be the book that at last puts the IR habit of theoretical synthesis to rest?-Patrick Thaddeus Jackson, School of International Service, American University About the Author J. Samuel Barkin is Professor of Global Governance in the McCormack Graduate School of Policy and Global Studies at the University of Massachusetts Boston. Laura Sjoberg is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of Florida.
Author: Tom Sparrow
File Type: epub
Through six heterodox essays this book extracts a materialist account of subjectivity and aesthetics from the philosophy of Emmanuel Levinas. More than a work of academic commentary that would leave many of Levinas s pious commentators aghast, Sparrow exhibits an aspect of Levinas which is darker, yet no less fundamental, than his ethical and theological guises. This darkened Levinas provides answers to problems in aesthetics, speculative philosophy, ecology, ethics, and philosophy of race, problems which not only trouble scholars, but which haunt anyone who insists that the material of existence is the beginning and end of existence itself. **Review Graham Harman, Associate Provost for Research Administration and Professor of Philosophy, American University in Cairo - Most defenders of Levinas have undercut his genius by presenting him either as a pious old finger-wagging grandpa or as Jacques Derridas halfhearted apprentice. In this book Tom Sparrow gives us the true Levinas a formidable metaphysician who did more than anyone else to sensualize and concretize the work of Heidegger. Levinas is not in our rearview mirror, but remains in our motorcade today. He will still have much to teach us. Sparrow lucidly reminds us why. About the Author Tom Sparrow teaches in the department of philosophy at Slippery Rock University, Pennsylvania, and blogs at Plastic Bodies.
Author: Stephen F. Szabo
File Type: pdf
Having emerged from the end of the Cold War as a unified country, Germany has quickly become the second largest exporter in the world. Its economic might has made it the center of the Eurozone and the pivotal power of Europe. Like other geo-economic powers, Germanys foreign policy is characterized by a definition of the national interest in economic terms and the elevation of economic interests over non-economic values such as human rights or democracy promotion. This strategic paradigm is evident in Germans relationship with China, the Gulf States and Europe, but it is most important in regard to its evolving policies towards Russia. In this book, Stephen F. Szabo provides a description and analysis of German policy towards Russia, revealing how unified Germany is finding its global role in which its interests do not always coincide with the United States or its European partners. He explores the role of German business and finance in the shaping of foreign policy and investigates how Germanys Russia policy effects its broader foreign policy in the region and at how it is perceived by key outside players such as the United States, Poland and the EU. With reference to public, opinion, the media and think tanks Szabo reveals how Germans perceive Russians, and he uncovers the ways in which its dealings with Russia affect Germany in terms of the importing of corruption and crime. Drawing on interviews with key opinion-shapers, business and financial players and policy makers and on a wide variety of public opinion surveys, media reports and archival sources, his will be a key resource for all those wishing to understand the new geo-economic balance of Europe. **Review An original and indispensable corrective to the overly political-military focus of most writing on Europe, Russia, and global politics. (Andrew Moravcsik Foreign Affairs 2015-08-20) Quite simply the best book to appear on any aspect of contemporary German foreign policy in recent years. (William Paterson OBE, Emeritus Director of the Institute for German Studies, University of Birmingham, UK) Stephen Szabo brings his deep historical and contemporary knowledge to bear in deftly analyzing the German-Russian relationship. This engagingly written book explains the role of economic and commercial factors in driving Germanys Russia policy and should serve as required reading for scholars and students who wish to better understand the present and future course of a relationship that has tremendous implications for the United States, Europe and Eurasia. (James Goldgeier, Dean of the School of International Service at American University, USA) Stephen Szabos volume on German relations with Russia in the larger geo-economic context is an important contribution to a better understanding of the long-range complexity of that issue. He correctly puts emphasis on the historically significant economic links between the two states, but he also conveys a keen understanding of the geopolitical dangers inherent in a one-dimensional approach. Szabos book is thus a genuinely significant contribution to geostrategic literature. (Zbigniew Brzezinksi, Senior Research Professor of International Relations, John Hopkins University, USA) Book Description The German-Russian relationship helped determine Europes future in the twentieth century and is likely to continue to do so into the twenty-first century. This book offers an analysis of how German policy towards Russia is shaped and how it is likely to develop in future.
Author: Rory Archer
File Type: pdf
Socialist countries like Yugoslavia garnered legitimacy through appealing to social equality. Yet social stratification was characteristic of Yugoslav society and increased over the course of the states existence. By the 1980s the country was divided on socio-economic as well as national lines. Through case studies from a range of social millieux, contributors to this volume seek to bring class back in to Yugoslav historiography, exploring how theorisations of social class informed the politics and policies of social mobility and conversely, how societal or grassroots understandings of class have influenced politics and policy. Rather than focusing on regional differentiation between Yugoslav republics and provinces the emphasis is placed on social differentiation and discontent within particular communities. The contributing authors of these historical studies come from diverse disciplinary backgrounds, linking scholarship from the socialist era to contemporary research based on accessing newly available primary sources. Voices of a wide spectrum of informants are included in the volume from factory workers and subsistence farmers to fictional television characters and pop-folk music superstars.**ReviewThis book promises to reopen understandings of power, class and crisis in the Yugoslav region. The topics and people at its centre were not just marginalised in material terms but have also often been bypassed in explanations for the break-up of Yugoslavia. Every chapter shares in the purpose of renewing historians agendas for interpreting Yugoslav socialism and its collapse. Catherine Baker, University of Hull, UK About the Author Rory Archer is a PhD candidate in History at the University of Graz where he works as a researcher at the Centre for Southeast European Studies. Igor Duda is Assistant Professor at the Juraj Dobrila University of Pula, where he teaches at the Department of Humanities and works as a researcher at the Centre for Cultural and Historical Research of Socialism. Paul Stubbs is a Senior Research Fellow at The Institute of Economics, Zagreb, Croatia.
Author: Luc Boltanski
File Type: pdf
The relationship between sociology and social critique has haunted the discipline since its origins. Does critique divert sociology from its scientific project? Or is critique the ultimate goal of sociology, without which the latter would be a futile activity disconnected from the concerns of ordinary people? This issue has underpinned two divergent theoretical orientations that can be found in the discipline today the critical sociology that was developed in its most elaborate form by Pierre Bourdieu, and the pragmatic sociology of critique developed by Luc Boltanski and his associates. In critical sociology, description in terms of power relations underscores the potency of mechanisms of oppression, the way the oppressed passively endure them, going so far in their alienation as toadopt the values that enslave them. Pragmatic sociology, by contrast, describes the actions of human beings who rebel but who are endowed with reason. It stresses their ability, in certain historical conditions, to rise up against their domination and construct new interpretations of reality in the service of critical activity.In this major new book Boltanski develops a framework that makes it possible to reconcile these seemingly antagonistic approaches - the one determinist and assigning the leading role to the enlightening science of the sociologist, the other concerned to stick as closely as possible to what people say and do. This labour of unification leads him to rework central notions such as practice, institution, critique and, finally, social reality, all with the aim of contributing to a contemporary renewal of practices of emancipation.
Author: Donald W. Treadgold
File Type: pdf
Originally published in 1955, this is an illuminating study of the political thought and action of the Russian intelligentsia, in the decade up to and including the Revolution of 1905-6. It is based on the writings, including those in the revolutionary press, by which the chief figures of the main opposition parties expressed their political theory, strategy and tacticsand related them to the turbulent events of those years. It is also based on personal interviews with some of the survivors of these political struggles. The book is focused on the emergence, starting in 1889 of the major political parties in Russia and it tells of their efforts to form a common front against Tsarism in the revolution which they confidently expected in the early years of the century.
Author: Heinz-D. Fischer
File Type: pdf
Volume 20 of the series describes the development of the award for Biographies and Autobiographies from 1917 through 2006. In addition, the complete jury reports from this period are reprinted by facsimile. So it can be documented how the annual deliberations went until a winner was selected. Among the prize-winners were John F. Kennedy before his presidency, the diplomat George F. Kennan or the aviator Charles Lindbergh.**
Author: Michael Thurston
File Type: pdf
Poetry makes nothing happen, wrote W. H. Auden in 1939, expressing a belief that came to dominate American literary institutions in the late 1940s--the idea that good poetry cannot, and should not, be politically engaged. By contrast, Michael Thurston here looks back to the 1920s and 1930s to a generation of poets who wrote with the precise hope and the deep conviction that they would move their audiences to action. He offers an engaging new look at the political poetry of Edwin Rolfe, Langston Hughes, Ezra Pound, and Muriel Rukeyser. Thurston combines close textual reading of the poems with research into their historical context to reveal how these four poets deployed the resources of tradition and experimentation to contest and redefine political common sense. In the process, he demonstrates that the aesthetic censure under which much partisan writing has labored needs dramatic revision. Although each of these poets worked with different forms and toward different ends, Thurston shows that their strategies succeed as poetry. He argues that partisan poetry demands reflection not only on how we evaluate poems but also on what we value in poems and, therefore, which poems we elevate. **
Author: Albena Yaneva
File Type: pdf
By examining material from a range of sources which document and map design controversies, as well as drawing on semantic maps and recent applications of parametric modelling, this book encapsulates the dynamics of a controversy.